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Products    Water Treatment  Brackish Water

Brackish Water Desalination

GHAITH use the reverse osmosis technology, a natural process, in order to result in completing the brackish water desalination process. When two liquids of different concentration are separated by a semi permeable membrane, the fluid has a tendency to move from low to high solute concentrations for chemical potential equilibrium.
Formally, reverse osmosis is the process of forcing a solvent from a region of high solute concentration through a semi permeable membrane to a region of low solute concentration by applying a pressure in excess of the osmotic pressure.
The membranes used for reverse osmosis have a dense layer in the polymer matrix where most separation occurs. In most cases, the membrane is designed to allow only water to pass through this dense layer, while preventing the passage of solutes (such as salt ions). This process requires that a high pressure be exerted on the high concentration side of the membrane, usually 2–17 bar (30–250 psi) for fresh and brackish water. This process is best known for its use in desalination (removing the salt and other minerals from  brackish water to get fresh water), but since the early 1970s it has also been used to purify fresh water for medical, industrial, and domestic applications.
In reverse osmosis, in a similar setup as that in osmosis, pressure is applied to the compartment with high concentration. In this case, there are two forces influencing the movement of water: the pressure caused by the difference in solute concentration between the two compartments (the osmotic pressure) and the externally applied pressure.

Brackish water Plant range :

 GHAITH provide BWRO plants with different capacities such as 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 50, 75, 100, 150, 250, 350, 500, 750, 1,000 1,500 and 2,000 M3/ day.

Skid :

GHAITH provide two types of RO plant Skid, one manufactured from carbon steel material isolated by high quality epoxy material and the other type from stainless steel material.

Membrane element :

GHAITH provide 3 brand names of membranes: DAW, Toray and Hydranautics, all from USA or European origin.

Pressure Vessel :

GHAITH provide 2 brand names of Pressure vessels: Code line and Bel, all from USA or European origin.

High pressure pump :

GHAITH  provides FEDCO pumps form USA and European pumps such as KSB, Sulzer, Calder, Danfoss, Lowara and Grandfoss.

Stainless Steel:

GHAITH provide 5 types of stainless steel brands: 304, 316, 316L, Duplex, and Super Duplex, all from USA or European origin.

Control systems:

GHAITH provide 3 types of control system brands: Siemens, Telemecanique & Allen-Bradley.

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